Теория бесконечности
и время

(Synopsis of the Presentation)

M.G. Godarev-Lozovsky

Russian Philosophical Society, e-mail: godarev-lozovsky@yandeх.ru

Summary. Logic of an atemporal interpretation of the quantum mechanics is considered in this paper.

In the quantum mechanics time determined with the help of macroscopic watches is a variable value. This value de-facto plays the role of a hidden parameter of evolution of certain states. By silent agreement even quantum leap of a micro object is considered as one of the temporally evolutioning dynamics (1). In this case it is assumed that certain potentially observable parameters of a particle have no physical sense and they are declared non-existing. In particular, actual coordinates of a micro-object in space are referred as such parameters prior to their measurement (2).

However it seems that the above described paradigm – let us call it atemporal – is a logic mistake. It is so because logic requires that, in fact, time, being a non-observable value, should have no physical sense when dynamics of certain states is considered.

We can also treat an elementary and non-trajectorial leap of coordinates of an object as a process, which has no duration, and that perfectly well conforms with the law of the excluded third. Logic also requires that subjectively undefined, but at the same time actual and potentially observable states would acquire physical sense before the moment of measurement.

To potentially observable parameters we can attribute the actual coordinates of a micro-object before their measurement, sequence of which does not depend on temporal sequence. The elementary (indivisible) displacements of particles cannot be considered in the quasi-classical approximation, being described by a continuous function. In 2013 we suggested the principle of atemporality: certain parameters of a quantum micro-object, including coordinates in space, change atemporarily (3).

Indeed, the Heisenberg relation of uncertainty shows that the presence of coordinates of a quantum particle is incompatible with the presence of its velocity. Let us determine the amplitude of probability in the spirit of the work (4) as a means of description, a characteristic of what is actually taking place before the moment of measurement. The Schrödinger equation describes probabilistically exactly that, which objectively and actually takes place in reality. It is also permissible to treat this equation in favor of atemporality: even within an indefinitely small period of time dt1 there is some probability that a particle is present in certain volume dv, and in the next indefinitely small period of time dt2 there is some probability that the same particle is absent in the same volume.

References

1. A.Yu. Seval’nikov. Interpretation of the Quantum Mechanics. In Search of a New Ontology. RAS, Institute of Philosophy, pp. 139 -146, М, URSS, 2009, 189 p.

2. G.Greenstein, A. Zayonts. A Quantum challenge. Modern Studies of the Quantum Mechanics Fundamentals, pp. 146-148, Publishing House Intellect, 2012, 431 p.

3. M.G. Godarev-Lozovsky The Possibility of an Atemporal Interpretation of the Quantum Mechanics and its Foundations. //Bulletin of the Perm University, Series of Philosophy, Psychology, Sociology, №.1 (17), 2014, pp. 60-67. Perm, 184 p.

4. G.D. Levin What is the Probability? //Voprosy filosofii, №2, 2014, p. 97-102.М.192с.